Decanoic acid

Structural formula of decanoic acid

Structural formula of decanoic acid

Structural formula

Business number 049Q
Molecular formula C10H20O2
Molecular weight 172.26

caprylic acid,

n-decanoic acid,

Decanoic acid,

Sheep wax acid,

Kwai acid,

10 alkyl acid,

n-Decanoic acid,

capric acid,


acidic solvent

Numbering system

CAS number:334-48-5

MDL number:MFCD00004441

EINECS number:206-376-4

RTECS number:HD9100000

BRN number:1754556

PubChem number:24901019

Physical property data

1.Characteristics: Unpleasant white crystals.

2. Density (g/mL, 30): 0.8858

3. Relative density (20℃, 4℃): 0.9008d

4. Melting point (ºC):31.5 span>

5. Boiling point (ºC, normal pressure):270

6. Relative density (25℃, 4℃): 0.885840

7. Refractive index (40℃): 1.4286 span>

8. Solubility:Insoluble in water, soluble in most chemicals��In organic solvents and dilute nitric acid.

9. Refractive index at room temperature (n25): 1.428840

10. Refractive index at room temperature (n20): 1.4363d

11. Critical temperature (ºC): 448.85

12. Critical pressure (MPa): 2.10

13. Critical density (g·cm-3): 0.270

14. Critical volume (cm3·mol-1): 638

15. Critical compression factor: 0.223

16. Eccentricity factor: 0.877

17. Gas phase standard combustion heat (enthalpy) (kJ·mol-1): -6198.4

18. Gas phase standard claimed heat (enthalpy) (kJ·mol-1): -594.9

19. Liquid phase standard combustion heat (enthalpy) (kJ·mol -1):-6109.0

20. Liquid phase standard claimed heat (enthalpy) (kJ·mol-1): -684.3

21. Crystal phase standard combustion heat (enthalpy) (kJ·mol-1): -6079.6

22. Crystal phase standard claims heat (enthalpy) (kJ·mol-1): -713.7

23. Flash point (ºC): >110

Toxicological data

The oral LC50 of mice is greater than 10g/kg, but it has an irritating effect on the skin.

Ecological data

Other harmful effects: This substance has The environment may be hazardous and special attention should be paid to water bodies.

Molecular structure data

1. Molar refractive index: 49.94

2. Molar volume (cm3/mol): 188.2

3. Isotonic specific volume (90.2K ): 451.7

4. Surface tension (dyne/cm): 33.1

5. Polarizability (10-24cm3): 19.79

Compute chemical data

None yet

Properties and stability

1. It is a white solid at room temperature with an unpleasant odor. It is insoluble in water and soluble in ethanol and most organic solvents.

2.This product is non-toxic. The oral LC50 of mice is greater than 10g/kg, but it has a irritating effect on the skin.

3. Found in flue-cured tobacco leaves, burley tobacco leaves, and oriental tobacco leaves.

4. Naturally found in apples, beef, and wheat bread.

Storage method

Packed in aluminum drums, 100kg per drum. Store in a cool, ventilated and dry place, keep away from sources of fire and oxidants.

Synthesis method

1. Hydrolyze coconut oil, laurel oil, and Litsea cubeba oil to produce lauric acid, and at the same time capric acid is produced as a by-product, with a yield of 30% of lauric acid.

2. Tobacco: OR, 44, 49; BU, 56; OR, 26; FC, 9; FC, 15; FC, OR, 18; BU, 26; FC, 40. Prepared from octane bromide.


1. Mainly used to prepare capric acid ester products. Its esters can be used as spices, wetting agents, plasticizers and food additives.

2.Mainly used as raw material for plastic plasticizers and cationic fungicides. Its fatty acid esters have a fruity aroma and are used as spices.

BDMAEE:Bis (2-Dimethylaminoethyl) Ether

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